Loading... Please wait...

The Scoville Scale

scoville.gif

The substance that makes Peppers HOT is an oil called Capsaicin. It is mostly concentrated in the veins of the pepper, although to a lesser degree in the seeds as well. In the early 1900's, a man named Wilbur Scoville invented a system to rate the "Heat" of the different types of peppers. In the test, peppers were rated with what was called "Scoville Units." The rating system became known as the "Scoville Heat Scale." This is still the most common system used today to rate the heat of peppers. Although, (like everything else), people have tried to develop new and different rating systems over the years. The "Scoville Scale" is still the most popular!

This is to date the most complete listing of peppers along with pictures, descriptions and their scoville rating on the internet..

Ger-ron-tee! ;-)

capsaicin.jpg

Pepper Type (Click on links to see a picture)
Our thanks to
www.chileplants.com for letting us use their pepper photos and information.

  Scoville Units
Pure Capsaicin 15-16,000,000
Police Grade pepper spray 5,300,000
Carolina Reaper 2,200,000
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion 2,009,231
Standard Commercial Grade pepper spray 2,000,000
7 Pot Douglah 1,853,396
Trinidad Scorpion Butch T 1,463,700
Naga Viper 1,382,118
7 Pot Barrackpore 1,300,000
7 Pot Jonah, 7 Pot Primo 1,200,000
Bedfordshire Super Naga Chili, Infinity Chili, New Mexico Scorpion, 1,120,00 - 1,200,000
Dorset Naga, Naga Jolokia, Naga Morich 1,100,000 
Spanish Naga Chili 1,086,844 
7 Pot Madballz 1,066,882 
Chocolate Bhut Jolokia 1,001,000 
7 Pot Brain Strain, Bhut Jolokia Indian Carbon, Trinidad Scorpion 1,000,000 
Raja Mirch 900,000
Bhut Jolokia (Ghost Pepper), Habanaga, Nagabon Jolokia 800,000 - 1,050,000
Aji Chombo, Aribibi Gusano, Caribbean Red Habanero, Chocolate Habanero, Fatalii, Pingo de Ouro, Red Savina Habanero 225,000 - 577,000
Adjuma, Datil, Guyana Wiri Wiri, Jamaican Red, Madame Jeanette Chili, Zimbabwe Bird Chili 350,000
Yellow Devil’s Tongue, Red Devil’s Tongue, Mustard Habanero, Orange Rocoto, Paper Lantern Habanero, Piri Piri, Red Cheese, Red Rocoto, Thai Burapa 300,000
Big Sun Habanero, Maori, Pimenta de Neyde, Quintisho, Scotch Bonnet Habanero, Tepin, Tiger Paw 200,000 - 345,000
Cajamarca, Kumataka, Orange Thai, Red Thai, Thai Dragon, Yellow Thai 150,000
Bird’s Eye, Habanero, Texas Chiltepin, Thai Burapa, Yellow Habanero, White Habanero 100,000 - 325,000
Bahamian, Carolina Cayenne, Jamaica Gold, Jamaica Red, Santake',  Tabiche, Thai Dragon 75,000 - 150,000
African Birds Eye, Aji Charapita, Aji Cito, Ají Lemon Drop, Ají Rojo, Black Scorpion Tongue, Byadgi, Cili Goronong, Firecracker Pequin, Indian Jwala, Malagueta, Mayan Cobanero Love, Peri-Peri 100,000
Charleston Hot, Chi Chien, Chile Piquin, China Express, Chipotle, Diablo Grande', Golden Cayenne, Guam Boonies, Haimen, Pico de Pajaro, Piperine, Prik Kee Noo, Red Amazon, Ring of Fire, Siling Labuyo, Suryaki Cluster, Thai, Tien Tsin Pepper, Yatsafusa, 60,000 - 100,000
Aurora,African Pequin, Akabare, Black Cuban, Brazilian Starfish, Chiltepin, Cumari, Dong Xuan, Filius Blue, Fluorescent Purple, Gingerol, Medusa’s Head, Pequin/Piquin, Urfa Biber, Rain Forest, Red Squash, Satans Kiss, Siling Haba, Tepin,  White Fire 40,000 - 70,000
Aci Sivri Chili, Balloon, Bolivian Rainbow, Bonney, Cayenne**, Chile Grande', Etna, Dunso, Diente de Perro, Goat Horn, Guarani, Punjab, Orange Manzano, Tricolor Variegata, Santaka 35,000 - 55,000
Ají Crystal, Aji Amarillo, Aji, Ají Omnicolor, Aji Limo, Coban, Chinese Five Color, Demre, Dundicut, Explosive Ember, Fiji, Golden Heat, Guntur, Guntur Sannam, Maras Biber, Marbles, Pusa Jwala, Tabasco **, Yellow Manzano Pepper 30,000 - 50,000
Aci Sivri, Beni Highland, Bishops Crown, Black Pearl, Black Prince, Chupetinho, Desi Teekhi, DKurnool, Faria, Havaiana, Hermosillo, Holiday Cheer, Lemon Drop, Little Elf, Merah, McMahon’s Texas Bird, Onza Yellow, Orozco, Pimenta de Bode, Purple Prince, Red Manzano, Rooster Spur, Royal Black, Super Cayenne, Super Cayenne II, Takanotsume, Tears of Fire Hybrid, Wild Baccatum, Varingata 25,000 - 55,000
 Abchazskij Ostruyi, Ata Barukono, Australian Latern, Cabai Burong, Caballero, Cayenne Large Red-(Thick), Cayenne Long Slim, Chile Inayague, Chile Maya, Chile Pepe, Chinchi Uchu, Chivato, Dieng Plateau, Erva de Bode, Hahony Kacho, Inca Glow, Inca Laranja, Inca Red Drop, Kim Chi, Manzano, New Delhi Long, Peter, Pico de Pajaro, Shipkas, Super Chili Hybrid 20,000 - 40,000
Afega Longa, Aji Carmine, Aji Criolla Sella, Berbere, Beslers Cherry, Bode Amarela, Bombilla Amarilla, Bubba, Cabai Merah Besar, Chao Tian Jiao, Chile de Arbol, Chilito de Simojovel, Dedo de Bahamas, Gambia, Japones,Jwala, Stumpy 15,000 - 30,000
Aji Bento, Ají Brazilian Pumpkin, Aji Cobincho, Aji Colorado, Aji Escabeche, Ají Pineapple, Aleppo, Black Hungarian Pepper, Bonanza Brasileira, Capsiate, Chili Wili, Halabi, Hidalgo, Onza Roja, Peruvian Purple, Serrano**, Serrano Huasteco, Tears Of Fire, Tianying 10,000 - 25,000
Chile Gordo, Costeno RojoFresno, Guajillo, Hot Apple, Kung Pao, Kung Pao Hybrid 7,000 - 12,000
Abbraccio, Afegã Curta, Balãozinho, Cseresznye Paprika, Dutch Red, Estrela-do-Mar, Hot Banana, Inchanga, Israeli Hot, Jarales, Puya, Yellow Wax/Hungarian Wax, 5,000 - 15,000
Baccio di Satana, Biker Billy JalapeñoBulgarian Carrot, Cascabel, Earbob, Fish, Huachinango, Hatch Green, Louisiana Hot, Lumbre Hot, New Mexican Annaheim, NM 6-4 Heritage, Nosegay, Pasilla de Oaxaca, Purple Jalapeño, Puya, Purple Tiger ‘Trifetti’  4,000 - 10,000
Barker’s HotBermuda, Bouquet, Chile de Cuscutlan, Chimayo, Chintexle, Giant Thai Hot, Grande', Gulbarga, Huatulco Puntado, Hybrid #7, Inca, Isleta, Jalapa, Kerinting, Mitla, Pecos F-1, Pretty Purple Pepper, Mirasol, Mitla, Sandia, Tula F1 4,000 - 8,000
Atomic Heart, Caloro, Cereja, Chilcostle, Cochabamba, Cochiti, Cyklon, Espelette, Fogo Explosivo, Goan, Golden Nugget, Hari Mirch, Huasteco, Jalapeño**, Jemes, Kalia, Pimientos de Padrón, Ubatuba Cambuci, Volcano 3,500 - 5,000
Anaheim TMR-23, Big Jim Heritage, Cenoura Búlgara, Cherry Bomb, Chilcostle, Dhanraj, Equador Roxa, Floral Gem, HuastecoInferno, Italian Sweet, Kori Sitakame, Miasol, Onza Rojo, Ole' Pup, Padro, Red Cherry, Saber Hybrid, Serrano Tampinqueno,  Volcano 2,500 - 5,000
Ancho San Luis, Californian, Cascabella, Chilaca, Garden Salsa Guajillo, Guajillo, Hungarian Heat, Jalapa Hybrid, Mesilla, Serrano Chili-(Mild), Garden Salsa F-1, Magdalena, MexiBell Imp, Mesilla, San Ardo, Pulla,  Rocotilla, Tobago Seasoning 2,000 - 4,500
Aji Andina, Ají Habanero, Aji Mirasol, Alcalde, Anaheim, Cascabella, Chilhuacle Negro, Espanola, Japanese, Pasilla, Poinsettia, Sandia' 1,500 - 2,500
Almapaprika, Ancho, Ammazzo, Crimson Hot, Cascabel, Calabria, Costeno Amarillo, Dedo de Moca, Georgia Flame, Mulato Isleno, Poblano, Poinsettia, Prometheus Springs, TAM Mild Jalapeño 1,250 - 2,500
Achar, Chihuacle Negro, Costeno Amarillo, Hawaiian Sweet Hot, Poblano, Prairie Fire, Szentesi, Szentesi Semi-Hot, Tam Mild Jalapeno, 1,250 - 2,000
Agua Blanca, Ají Dulce, Aji Panca, Ancho Gigantia, Bedgi, Espanola, PasillaPrairie Fire, Peppadew, Romanian Hot 1,000 - 1,500
Ametista, Brinco de Princesa, Calistan, Coronado, Floral Gem, Gana Redonda, NuMex Big Jim 1,000 - 1,400
Beaver Dam, Biquinho, Cubanelle, Escabeche, Joe E. Parker, Mulato Isleno, Negro/Pasilla, NuMex, Pepperoncini 900 - 1,500
AnaheimAncho Vila, Aji Mirasol, Cambuci, New Mexico, NuMex Twilight, Romanian Hot Hybrid 800 - 1,400
Aji PancaAncho Ranchero, Babura Zelena, Catarina, El-Paso, Guajilla de Zihutenejo, Holy Mole, Jalepe' Mild Hybrid, Mariachi, NuMex Sunburst, NuMex Sunglow, Santa Fe Grande, Sonora Annaheim 500 - 1000
Avalon Button, Baldi, Cachucha, Cowhorn 350 - 500
Criollo, False Alarm Hybrid, Delicious Trinidad, Marbles, Salsa Delight, Senorita Jalapeno 250 - 500
Corbaci, Delicias, Frutka, Georgescu Chocolate, Trinidad 200 - 500
Cherry-Sweet, Karlo, Keystone Giant, Mexi-Bells, Pasilla Bajio 100 - 500
Anaheim-(Mild), False Alarm, Hot Navajo, Pasilla Bajio 100 - 250
Aconcagua, Aji Chuncho, Aladdin, Branco Diamante, California Wonder Pepper, Carliston, Carmagnola Rosso, Chinese Giant, Corno Verde, Corona, Cuneo Giallo, Diamond White, Dove, Early Sunsation, Etham, Figaro, Filfil Darah, Fushimi, Giant Aconcagua, Gigante, Golden Treasure, Greygo, Gypsy, Hershey, Islander, Jimmy Nardello, Jingle Bells, Jupiter, Kaala, Kandil, Marconi Purple, Mild Bell Pepper**, Miniature Chocolate, Miniature Yellow, Orage Sun, Purple Beauty, Quadrato D’Asti, Red Marconi, Red Ruffled Pimiento, Shishito, Siling Lara, Sweet Banana, Tangerine 0

** We use these peppers in our products. Not all peppers are in each product. 

Pepper Nomenclature Key

Pepper Heat Levels:

  • Mild = less than 2500 Scoville units
  • Medium = 2500 to 10,000 Scoville units
  • Hot = 10,000 to 50,000 Scoville units
  • Very Hot = 50,000 to 350,000 Scoville units
  • Extremely Hot = 350,000 to 900,000 Scoville units
  • Super Hot = 900,000 or more Scoville units

Pepper Species

Botanically speaking, the Genus of Chiles/Peppers is CAPSICUM.

There are 5 domesticated species of Capsicum:

  • C.annuum = Capsicum annuum. A very large grouping, including bells, jalapenos, ancho/poblanos.
  • C.baccatuum = Capsicum baccatuum. These generally are the Andean varieties
  • C.chinense = Capsicum chinense. The fiery hot habaneros, and usually more tropical in nature
  • C.frutescens = Capsicum frutescens. The well known Tabasco.
  • C.pubescens = Capsicum pubescens. Canario, Manzano, Locoto, Rocoto. Many names for a unique pepper.

All Capsicums are edible.

Pepper Seasons:

  • Early = 60-70 days
  • Mid = 70-80 days
  • Late = 80-90 days
  • Very Late = 90+ days
  • Extremely Late = 120+ days


Recent Updates

  • Super-Structures

    Here we have the grill, the smoker and the storage cabinet structures. The next …

  • Work Continues...

    We are still working hard on the rig!Here I am welding on the Wood Storage …

Newsletter


Connect with us: Facebook Pinterest YouTube Twitter